Tongan extinct musical instruments revived as Language Week ends

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Four extinct Tongan musical instruments were revived during a performance organised as part of the Tongan Language week in Glen Innes, Auckland on Saturday.

Professor Hūfanga ‘Ōkusitino Māhina, the Master of Ceremonies, said the Tongan ifi fangufangu (nose flute) was on the verge of extinction.

He said tuki pitu (bamboo beating), ‘utete (jaw harp) and mimiha (pan pipes) had been lost for some 200 years, but they had been able to bring them back to life again.

He said a new Fangufangu Mīnoa ‘o Tonga traditional group had been established and tasked with reviving these instruments.

The group’s music director, Tu’ifonualava Kaivelata, said the instruments they used for the performances were his own creations using kofe (bamboos) and papa (timber).

Tuʻifonualava said Professor Māhina, a founding member of the Fangufangu Minoa went to Europe recently to research in libraries about ancient Tongan instruments.

He discovered that European voyagers, including Captain Cook, who first arrived in Tonga in 1773 had pictures and accounts of these extinct instruments which were played to them when they arrived in the kingdom.

The performances on the last day of the Tongan Language week were conducted by the Kanokupolu cultural performance group and members of the Fangufangu Mīnoa led by Tuʻifonualava, Taniela Kaivelata, and Prof. Māhina.

An atmosphere of vela māfana was felt at the Te Oro studio while the performers entertained the guests with the instruments.

A nafa was beaten followed by the accompaniment of the mimihas and the fangufangu played by Taniela Kaivelata and three children. It was followed by a vocal accompaniment by the langitu’a, or singers who performed the songs led by Tu’ifonulava, while the musicians played according to the tune and lyrics of the music.

They performed the ‘O Lātū Lātū e, a part of a song from the Tongan ancient dance, me’etu’upaki or paddle dance.

In the last part of the performance Tu’ifonualava played the ‘utete. It was new to modern Tongan audiences and the listeners were surprised by its sound.

The performance drew some strong reactions from the audience with many calling out “mālie” (excellence).

The performance was implemented in the Tongan way of fakatautauelangi or stirring up the malie spirit stage by stage from the beginning so when it reached the climax both the performers and the audience were in a euphoric mood or tau e langí.

The performance at the Glen Innes Te Oro centre also included mā’ulu’ulu, me’etu’upaki and solo dances led by choreographer Tukia and the Kanokupolu cultural group.

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  1. Na’e toe fakamo’ui mai ‘a hono ngāueʻaki ʻo ha meʻalea fakamūsika ʻe fā ʻa Tonga ne mole i ha faiva ko e konga hono kātoangaʻi ʻo e Uike Lea Faka-Tongá ʻi Keleniʻīnesi ʻi ʻAokalani ʻi he Tokonakí.

    Naʻe pehē ʻe Palōfesa Hūfanga ʻŌkusitino Māhina, ʻa ia ko ia ne Tataki Kātoangá, ko e meʻalea ifi fangufangú ne ʻosi tuʻu ia he tetepu ʻo e mole ʻaupitó.

    Naʻá ne pehē ko e tuki pitú, ʻuteté mo e meʻaifi mimihá ne ʻosi mole ia ʻi ha taʻu ʻe 200 ka kuo nau lava ʻeni ʻo toe fakamoʻui mai.

    Naʻá ne pehē foki kuo fokotuʻu ʻa e kulupu Fangufangu Mīnoa ʻo Tongá ke ne fatongiaʻaki ʻa hono fakafoki mai ʻo e ngaahi meʻaleá ni.

    Naʻe pehē ʻe he talēkita mūsika ʻa e kulupú, Tuʻifonualava Kaivelata, ko e ngaahi meʻalea tuʻufonuá ni kotoa ko ʻene ngaohi pe ʻaki ʻa e kofe mo e papa.

    Mahino foki ʻi he fakamatala ʻa Tuʻifonualavá ne folau ʻa Palōfesa Hūfanga ki ʻIulope ki muí ni mai ʻo fakatotolo ʻi he ngaahi laipeli ai ki he ngaahi meʻalea tuʻufonua ʻa Tongá.

    Naʻá ne maʻu ai ʻi he ngaahi laipeli ʻi ʻIulopé ha ngaahi ʻata mo ha fakamatala ʻa e kau kaivai ʻIulope ne nau ʻahia ʻa Tongá ʻo hangē ko Kapiteni Kuki ʻi he 1773 ki he ngaahi meʻalea ni kau ai ʻa e mimihá, ūteté mo e tuki putú.

    Naʻe ifi fangufangu ai ʻa Taniela kae ifi mimiha mo tuki pitu ha fānau kei ako kae tā ʻe Tuʻifonualava ʻa e ʻuteté.

    Kaekehe ne fakamāfana ʻa e kātoangá mo hono faivaʻi mo tā ʻa e ngaahi meʻaleá ni ʻo ō ua mo e konga hiva mei he faiva Meʻetuʻupakí ko e ʻO Lātū Lātū e!

    Ne tataki ʻa e ngaahi faivá ni ʻe he kulupu faiva fakafonua ʻa Kanokupolú pe ‘oku ‘iloa ko e Havelulahi fakataha mo e kau mēmipa ʻo e Fangufangu Mīnoá ʻo tataki ʻe Tuʻifonualava, Taniela Kaivelata mo Palōfesa Hūfanga

    Ne ʻi ai foki mo e ngaahi faiva kehe ʻa e Havelulahí hangē ko e māʻuluʻulu mo e meʻetuʻupaki ne tataki mai ia ʻe Tūkia mo e kau punaké.